Showing 97 results


Black, Claude W. (Claude William), 1916-2009

  • LCNAF no2012042284
  • Person
  • 1916-2009

Claude William Black, Jr. (November 28, 1916- March 13, 2009) was one of San Antonio’s most indefatigable advocates for the equal rights of African Americans.  He graduated in 1937 from  Morehouse College in Atlanta, GA, and earned a Master Of Divinity degree at Andover Newton Theological School, Newton, MA, in 1943.  He attended Trinity University in the early 1970s in order to complete graduate coursework in the Urban Studies department. Records documenting the following aspects of Reverend Black's life are included in the collection.

Ministry:  In 1949, Reverend Black became pastor  of the Mount Zion First Baptist Church, and served there for 49 years until 1998, after which he continued as Pastor Emeritus. He returned as interim pastor from 2005-2008.  He created service organizations for the elderly, the poor, and the hungry, and started the first African American, church-owned credit union, Mount Zion Federal Credit Union.  In the 1950s and 1960s, Reverend Black and other African American community members staged peaceful, civil rights protests that led to integration of lunch counters at local motels and at Joske's Department Store, theaters, parks and other public spaces. Reverend Black belonged to multiple religious organizations, such as the San Antonio Council of Churches and the San Antonio Ministers Association. One of these, the Baptist Ministers Union, was very active in church-related civil rights actions, one of which the scrapbook about the Billy Graham Evangelistic Rally (July 25, 1958) fully documents.

Politics:  From 1973—1977, Black was elected City Councilman for the City of San Antonio and was appointed as the first African American Mayor Pro Tem.  He was invited by President Lyndon Baines Johnson in 1966 to participate in the White House Conference on Civil Rights and by President William Jefferson Clinton in 1995 to participate in the White House Conference on Aging. The scrapbooks in the collection are especially focused on Reverend Black's political campaigns and concerns.

Community:  Black served on boards and committees with numerous community organizations, particularly those that would benefit the traditionally African American East side of the city.  He was often invited to speak at civic and ceremonial events, as can be seen through the letters of invitation in the correspondence and letters section. Reverend Black received certificates and proclamations in his honor throughout his life that acknowledge his prolific activity.

Black, ZerNona (ZerNona Stewart), 1906-2005

  • LCNAF no2012056489
  • Person
  • 1906-2005

ZerNona Stewart Black (February 7, 1906-January 24, 2005) worked extensively with service organizations, with her husband in civil rights activities, and fulfilled the many duties of a pastor’s wife. Originally from Muskogee, Oklahoma, a YWCA assignment in 1943 brought her to San Antonio to run the local Negro USO Club. She met Reverend Black shortly after her arrival, and they married in 1946. She was an educator, teaching college courses and Mount Zion First Baptist Church bible school programs. Mrs. Black received a speech and education degree from Emerson College, Boston, Massachusetts and later pursued graduate courses at various universities, including Trinity University. She taught at Langston College in Langston, OK, and at St. Philip’s College in San Antonio.

She co-founded Health, Inc., an elder daycare agency, as well as a local chapter of Jack and Jill, Inc., promoting programs for African American youth. She was Executive Director of the Eastside Senior Citizens Project, and helped to run Project F.R.E.E. (she kept the records of Project F.R.E.E. and Health, Inc., two church-affiliated organizations). She headed the church drama ministry and numerous church councils. She worked as a YWCA Chairman and as a volunteer and youth supervisor with the Guadalupe District Baptist Association. She received many honors and awards for her generous service to the church, seniors, women and mothers, children, and to the community at large.

Sinkin, Fay (1918-2009)

  • Person
  • 1918-2009

Fay Sinkin was born on March 24, 1918 in New York. She earned a bachelors degree from Syracuse University. Sinkin was devoted to community activism; she was elected President of the San Antonio League of Women Voters in 1947, organized the Visiting Nurse Association in the 1950s, and was the first woman to serve on the San Antonio Board of Health. She was named the Express/News Woman of the Year in 1953.

In the 1970s Sinkin led the efforts to protect the Edwards Aquifer, organizing the Aquifer Protection Association. In 1983 she was the first woman elected to the board of directors of the Edwards Underground Water District. In 1989 she formed the Edwards Aquifer Preservation Trust, which worked to protect the recharge zone from over-development. She was inducted into the San Antonio Women's Hall of Fame in 1985, and was listed in the Who's Who of American Women.

Sinkin married banker and community activist William R. "Bill" Sinkin in 1942, and had two sons, Richard and Lanny. She passed away in 2009.

Matias, David, 1961-1996

  • LCNAF n 99049338
  • Person
  • 1961-1996

David Matias was born David Thomas Matias Rodriquez in Seagoville, Texas, on February 5, 1961. He grew up in Kerrville, Texas, where his father was a prominent fourth generation Southern Baptist minister. David graduated from Tivy High School in Kerrville, and earned a BA in Speech and Drama from Trinity University in 1983. He was awarded an MFA in Theater from the University of North Dakota in 1987.

After graduation, he moved to Provincetown, Massachusetts, where he became heavily involved in the Provincetown Theatre Company, where he wrote, directed, and acted in numerous productions. He began to use the pen name David Matias, both to honor his father and because "Rodriguez was the 'Smith' of Texas."

Matias was diagnosed with HIV sometime during his graduate school. Poetry provided him with a creative outlet to process his illness. His first collection of poems, Dances with Family and Disease was published in 1993. Other poems were published in Cosmos, Provincetown Art, Body Positive, New Letters, the anthology Starry, Starry Night, the anthology Things Shaped in Passing: More Poets for Life Writing from the AIDS Pandemic, and the anthology Persistent Voices: Poetry by Writers Lost to AIDS. In 1994 he was awarded a poetry fellowship at the Fine Arts Work Center. His second volume of poetry, Fifth Season, was published posthumously in 1998 by the Provincetown Arts Press.

Matias was active in the Unitarian Universalist Meeting House in Provincetown, and served as the co-chairperson of the committee that established the Provincetown AIDS Ministry, one of the first such organizations in the country. Matias died of AIDS complications on December 13, 1996. He was survived by his partner, Dr. Leonard Alberts.

Miller, Char, 1951-

  • LCNAF n 82026079
  • Person
  • 1951-

Franklin Lubbock Miller IV (Char Miller) was born in 1951. He received a BA in History and Political Studies from Pitzer College, and an MA and PhD in History from Johns Hopkins University. Miller taught at Trinity University from 1981-2009, serving as Chair of the History Department and Director of Urban Studies. In 2002 he was named a Piper Professor, an award from the Minnie Stevens Piper Foundation for excellence in teaching and service to higher education in Texas. He also held the prestigious Dr. and Mrs. Z.T. Scott Faculty Fellowship for Excellence in Teaching. Miller is now the W.M. Keck Professor of Environmental Analysis at Pomona College. He is a Senior Fellow at the Pinchot Institution for Conservation and a Follow of the Forest History Society. Miller has authored numerous books and articles about environmental history and ecology.

Lewis, Earl M.

  • Person
  • 1919-2013

Dr. Earl M. Lews was born in McComb, Mississippi on December 2, 1919 and died Saturday, October 13, 2013 in Houston, Texas. He received the following degrees: Bachelor of Arts, Tougaloo College, 1942; Master of Arts in American History, Loyola University, Chicago, 1948; Doctor of Philosophy, Political Science, University of Chicago, 1951; Legum Doctor, Our Lady of the Lake University, 1978; and honorary doctorate, Incarnate Word College, now University of the Incarnate Word, 1989. He was a visiting professor at Howard Unviersity and served as chair of the Department of Political Science at Prairie View A&M College before becoming the Founding Director of the Graduate Urban Studies Program at Trinity University in 1968. He served in that role from 1968 to 1973 and was appointed George W. Brackenridge Distinguished Professor of Urban Studies in 1982. Lewis retired from Trinity University in 1990 and was a professor in the College of Social and Behavioral Sciences at the University of Texas at San Antonio in the early 1990s.

Lewis was Trinity University's first tenured African American professor.Over the course of his 22-year tenure, Lewis and his colleagues trained and mentored more than 250 men and women to work in the public and private sectors, opening the way for them to contribute to the governance of this region, and far beyond. Graduates of the program routinely became city planners and city managers in major metropolitan areas across the country or attained other professional positions in state and federal government agencies and private economic development corporations..

He was the author of numerous publications and was active on local, state, and national boards and commissions, including the Coalition for the Education of Black Children and Youth in Texas, Southwest Research Institute in San Antonio, and the Texas Urban Development Commission. In 1981 he was named the George Brackenridge Distinguished Professor of Urban Studies at Trinity, the first to hold the newly established professorship. He was twice nominated by Trinity for National Professor of the Year. His many honors included the Award for Service to the State of Texas by Texas Ministers for Social Progress in 1976 and the Brotherhood Award by the San Antonio chapter of the National Council of Christians and Jews in 1978. He was also a recipient of the Minnie Stevens Piper Foundation Piper Professor award and a member of the Charter Revision Committee of the City of San Antonio, among other honors and civic activities.

Hardman, Henry, Sir, 1905-2001

  • Person
  • 1905-2001

Sir Henry Hardman, KCB 1962 (CB 1956) was born December 15, 1905. He is the son of the late Harry Hardman of Old Trafford, Manchester, and the late Bertha Cook Hardman. He married Helen Diana, daughter of the late Robert Carr Bosanquet of Rock, Alnwick, Northumberland, and Ellen Sophia Bosanquet. He had one son, John Paul, born February 18, 1947, and two daughters, Anna Margaret, born January 22, 1945, and Charlotte Elizabeth, born December 29, 1947.

Sir Henry was educated at Manchester Central High School, and the University of Manchester. He was Lecturer for the Workers' Educational Association from 1929-1934, and Tutor in Economics at the University of Leeds from 1934-1945. He received an honorary LLD from the University of Manchester in 1965.

He joined the Ministry of Food in 1940; was Deputy Head of the British Food Mission to North America from 1946-1948; Under-Secretary, Ministry of Food, 1948-1958; Minister, United Kingdom Permanent Delegation to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, Paris, 1953-1954; Deputy Secretary, Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, 1955-1960; Deputy Secretary, Ministry of Aviation, 1960; Permanent Secretary, Ministry of Aviation, 1961-1963; Permanent Secretary, Ministry of Defence, 1963-1964; Permanent Under-Secretary of State, Ministry of Defence, 1964-1966.

He was a Member of the Monopolies Commission, 1967-1970 (Deputy Chairman, 1967-1968); Chairman, Committee of Enquiry into the Post Office Pay Dispute, 1971; Consultant to the Civil Service Department on the dispersal of government work from London, 1971-1973 (report published in 1973); Chairman, Co- vent Garden Market Authority, 1967-1975; Chairman, Home-Grown Cereals Authority, 1968-1977; Member of the Intervention Board for Agricultural Produce since 1972; Governor and Trustee, Reserve Bank of Rhodesia, 1967-1979.

Hardman died in 2001.

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