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US TxSaT SC.036 · Collectie · 1959-1975 (bulk)

This collection contains material created and assembled by Henry J. Graham concerning the efforts to stop the construction of the 281 North Expressway in San Antonio, Texas. Graham, along with his sister Wanda Ford and businessman Hal Dewar, was one of the leading organizers of this movement.

Plans for the construction of the "North Expressway," a highway leading north from downtown San Antonio past the airport, began in the mid 1950s to address issues of traffic congestion, airport access, and expanding urban development. While several routes were considered, the city leaders ultimately selected a route that passed through Brackenridge Park and the Olmos Basin. The San Antonio Conservation Society led the opposition that defeated the city highway bond issue that would fund the project in 1960. City leaders continued to pursue the expressway construction, and a second bond passed in 1961, and the route was approved by the Federal Highway Administration in April 1964. The Conservation Society joined forces with the Sisters of Charity of the Incarnate Word and filed a lawsuit to stop expressway construction (the Sisters of Charity would withdraw from the lawsuit in 1965).

In 1966, Senator Ralph Yarborough passed an amendment on the act creating the US Department of Transportation that restricted the DoT from using land from public parks for transportation purposes. A group of concerned citizens, including Henry Graham, Wanda Ford, and Hal Dewar, formed the Save Our City Organization of San Antonio, which led the continued efforts to halt construction, with support from the Lone Star Chapter of the Sierra Club. The legal battle to halt the expressway continued all of the way to the United States Supreme Court.

In 1970, facing a separate lawsuit from the city for failure to pay property taxes, the Conservation Society withdrew from the suit; numerous individual members, including Ford and Graham, remained as plaintiffs. Federal legislation in 1973 allowed city and state funding of highway projects, which led to a US district court ruling that construction could go forward. The highway opened in 1978.

Graham's records of the Expressway opposition include a wide variety of formats, including correspondence, editorial writing, meeting notes, research, clippings, and ephemera. Correspondents include such notable figures as Lloyd Bentsen, O'Neil Ford, Wanda Ford, Henry B. González, Lady Bird Johnson, Maury Maverick, Boone Powell, Peggy Tobin, and John Tower.

In addition to Graham's records, the collection includes files created by businessman Hal Dewar and local Sierra Club president Anthony Athens. Following Dewar's death in 1975, Graham had suggested that an archives documenting the opposition efforts be assembled in his memory; it is likely that the addition of these two series to the collection represented such efforts.

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Susan Battle Marcus Papers
US TxSaTua UA0508 · Collectie · 1970s -1990s

This collection consists of material from Susan Russell Marcus representing her involvement with the Learning About Learning Foundation, the creation of the New World Kids summer arts camp at the Aldrich Contemporary Arts Museum, the New World Kids book series, and interview footage of Paul Baker, as well as other projects she contributed to.

Cynthia Herbert Papers
US TxSaTua UA0505 · Collectie · 1967-2022

This collection consists of projects, publications, and curriculum that chronicle Herbert's professional career. Much of the material was written and designed in partnership with organizations such as the Learning About Learning Educational Foundation and the Texas Alliance of Education and the Arts.

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US TxSaTua UA0507 · Collectie · 1971-1984

This collection consists of products designed by Susie McAtee Monday for Imagination Works, the product wing of the Learning About Learning (LAL) Educational Foundation. It also contains programming material from LAL's Idea Workshop and LAL exhibits and events.

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